The State of Knowledge of Crimes that have Serious Impacts on the Environment
Environmental crimes are widely recognised as among some of the most profitable forms of transnational criminal activity. The monetary value of these crimes is estimated at between USD 91-259 billion annually, most likely the fourth largest criminal area in the world after drugs, counterfeits and human trafficking. The estimate corresponds to a 26% increase compared to the previous estimate in 2014, with the annual rates of such crimes expected to further increase by 5-7% (Nellemann et al., 2016). This is a report of an expert process involving experts nominated by governments, inter-governmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations to ascertain and document the current status of knowledge of crimes that have serious impacts on the environment.